Click on the letter joins below to see how they are formed.
Capital letters never join lower case letters.
The examples given below show letter combinations often taught in key stage 1 and 2 phonics and spelling.
All four types of joins need to be taught for a fluid handwriting style. Teaching the join types in their groups helps a child to understand the directional push and pulls required to successfully join the different letter combinations.
The joins section of the pre-handwriting patterns has been designed to help children develop these individual joining stokes.
Most children will find the bottom joins the easiest to achieve, as it only requires the extension of the exit stroke they already put on the letters. The bottom to “c” shape joins can be tricky at first but soon mastered. The joins that tend to cause the most confusion and difficulty are the “e” joiners and top exit joiners.
A Join Table for a cursive font style shows the joins required to connect all the handwriting letter combinations of the alphabet.