Parents’ guide to handwriting for 6 - 7 year olds
Expected handwriting achievement levels
Children in this age group are being taught handwriting in a formalised structured way. The National Curriculums for the UK state that in school children in this age group should be taught to:
- form lower-case letters of the correct size relative to one another;
- start using some of the diagonal and horizontal strokes needed to join letters and understand which letters, when adjacent to one another, are best left unjoined;
- write capital letters and digits of the correct size, orientation and relationship to one another and to lower-case letters;
- use spacing between words that reflects the size of the letters.
Remember children develop their handwriting skills at different times so the table below is a guideline only, based on the average expected achievement levels for a child in this age group.
|Handwriting skills||6 year olds||7 year olds|
|Dominant writing hand||Developed||Established|
|Pencil grip stage||Stages 4 to 5||Stage 5 consolidating|
|Sitting in chair correctly||Up to 15 - 20 minutes||Up to 20 - 25 minutes|
|Single letter formation||All||Majority consistent size|
|Joins (font specific)||Continuous Cursive only||Cursive introduced
Con. Cursive developing
|Position paper correctly||Sometimes||Most of the time|
Supporting your child’s handwriting
Are they a right or left-handed writer?
As a child begins to learn to write it is important to know which is their dominant writing hand. They will never write comfortably if this is not established.
What stage pencil grip does your child use?
Children should develop naturally through distinct pencil grip stages and should not be forced to use a stage they are not ready for as this can result in them developing a poor pencil grip later.
Teaching your child the tripod pencil grip
If your child is ready to develop the tripod pencil grip (stage 5) here are resources to support this grip development.
Can they form the pre-handwriting patterns correctly?
Pre-handwriting patterns teach your child the pencil pushes and pulls, which they may not have otherwise experienced, required to form letters.
Can they form the single letters correctly?
By forming the single letters correctly joining them later is easier. They should use the correct start point, directional movement and finish point for each letter.
Can they correctly join their letters?
All children should now be learning how to join their letters. These are taught in join types on our website.
Are they beginning to position the paper correctly?
Children that have moved from the vertical to horizontal plane will then be introduced to positioning and tilting the paper on the table.
Is handwriting stressful for your child?
Simple handwriting warm up exercises are a great way to get the body ready for handwriting and relieve the stress and tension that can build up while handwriting.